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Wednesday, August 5, 2020 | History

2 edition of A study of horizontal sea surface temperature variability found in the catalog.

A study of horizontal sea surface temperature variability

by William Aubrey Butler

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Published by Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Oceanography

  • ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL25412679M

      Middle East surface air temperature (ME-SAT), during boreal summer (June to August: JJA), shows robust multidecadal variations for the period Author: Muhammad Azhar Ehsan, Muhammad Azhar Ehsan, Muhammad Azhar Ehsan, Dario Nicolì, Fred Kucharski, Fred. A Case Study of Impact of Sea Surface Temperature Variability on Boundary Layer Wind Structure Shouping Wang1, Qing Wang2 and James Cummings1 1 Naval Research Laboratory, Monterey, California 2Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California Corresponding author Address: Shouping Wang, NRL, Monterey, California [email protected]

    exchange at the sea surface. These energy fluxes in turn depend on a single oceanic quantity, the sea surface temperature (SST), as well as several atmospheric parameters including wind speed, air temperature, humidity, and cloudiness. SSTs thus play a key role in regulating climate and its variability. Results of the temperature equation analyses indicate that seasonal and interannual variability of sea surface temperature (SST) in the eastern Pacific cannot be accounted for by observed surface heat flux; oceanic processes play an important role in the heating of the surface water. In this paper we present the results of a study of the.

    The SSTs of Global Sea Ice and Sea-Surface Temperature Data Version (GISST) (Rayner et al., ) were used as boundary conditions over the sea for – and those from analyses by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) were used for the rest of the period. sea surface temperatures, with climatic impacts on the surrounding continents1,2,3. The dynamic mechanism underlying Atlantic temperature variability is thought to be similar to that of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the equatorial Pa-cific4,5, where air–sea coupling leads to a positive feedback between surface winds inFile Size: 1MB.


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A study of horizontal sea surface temperature variability by William Aubrey Butler Download PDF EPUB FB2

A primary purpose was to test the hypothesis that atmospheric forcing is a cause of horizontal temperature variance on these length scales. Using continuous sea surface temperatures acquired in the Central North Pacific Ocean, spectra were computed for temperature : William Aubrey Butler.

texts All Books All Texts latest This Just In Smithsonian Libraries FEDLINK (US) Genealogy Lincoln Collection. Books to Borrow. Top American Libraries Canadian Libraries Universal Library Community Texts Project Gutenberg Biodiversity Heritage Library Children's Library.

Open Library. Patterns of sea surface temperature (SST) variability on interannual and longer timescales result from a combination of atmospheric and oceanic processes. tations of near-surface ocean temperatures within this critical region is of paramount importance.

By using buoy observations with recent hurricane AXBT data, this study will quantify the relative magnitude and in-herent variability associated with differences between ambient SSTs well ahead of the storm and SSTs ob-served near storm center.

A weekly mean Multi-Channel Sea Surface Temperature (MCSST) data set was used to study seasonal and interannual variability of SSTs averaged over four regions of the Caspian Sea individually Sea Surface Temperature Variability | SpringerLinkLocation: Moscow.

ABSTRACT Sea surface temperature (SST) variability in the shelf-slope region of the northwest Atlantic is described and then explained in terms of latent and sensible heat exchange with the atmosphere.

The basic data are primarily engine-intake temperature measurements made by merchant ships over the period The data have been grouped. In the Southern Ocean, sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies are observed to propagate eastward; it has been suggested that the signal encircles the globe in 8–10 yr (White and Peterson ).

This low-frequency variability arises from mechanical and thermodynamic forcing at the air–sea interface. Mechanisms controlling.

[25][26][27]. [28] suggest that variability in the SST gradient can cause changes in low-level atmospheric baroclinicity that force variability in the storm tracks. In this work the impact of Mediterranean Sea surface temperature perturbations on the evolution and track of a desert depression is analyzed by numerical simulations.

The spatial and temporal variability of sea surface temperatures (SST) in the Yellow Sea was investigated using satellite data and in-situ measurements over 29 years from to We found that the first empirical orthogonal function (EOF) mode of SST variability, which accounts for % of the total SST variance, exhibited a warming signal during the study by: 1 A Numerical Study of Circulation and Associated Variability in the Intra-Americas Sea Yuehua Lin 1, Jinyu Sheng 1, and Richard J.

Greatbatch 2 Abstract A three-dimensional, data-assimilative. The oceans are a well-known source of natural variability in the climate system, although their ability to account for inter-annual variations of temperature and precipitation extremes over land remains unclear.

In this study, the role of sea-surface temperature (SST)-forcing is investigated for variability and trends in a range of commonly used temperature and precipitation extreme indices over the period to Cited by: 5.

AbstractThis study investigates the effects of global and regional sea surface temperature (SST) warming from the Industrial Revolution to the present on the stratosphere using a climate model, and Author: Fei Xie, Jiankai Zhang, Zhe Huang, Jinpeng Lu, Ruiqiang Ding, Cheng Sun.

Processes that influence sea surface temperature and ocean mixed layer depth variability in a coupled model Michael A. Alexander and James D. Scott NOAA-CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center, University of Colorado, Boulder Clara Deser National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado by:   Although sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies are known to affect temperature over land, SST variability appears not to be responsible for the increased variability on land, because of the low model agreement over the oceans in contrast to the large agreement in the identified land hotspots (Fig.

1 and fig. S1). Furthermore, in the Southern Cited by:   However, in the north and tropical Atlantic Ocean, the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation10,11 (a leading mode of sea surface temperature variability).

Temperature Distribution of Oceans The study of the temperature of the oceans is important for determining the movement of large volumes of water (vertical and horizontal ocean currents), type and distribution of marine organisms at various depths of oceans, climate of coastal lands, etc.

Source of Heat in Oceans The sun is the principal source of energy (Insolation). The global array of surface drifters supplies a constantly growing data base of position- and near-surface temperature (a proxy for the Sea Surface Temperature, SST) observations.

The drifter-borne measurements integrate information about spatiotemporal variability of the underlying circulation and the air-sea exchange along their trajectories, and are unique for their extensive Author: Inga Monika Koszalka.

Figure 2 shows the temperature trend calculated at different depths over the period – Figure 2A shows the temperature trend for the mixed layer. The warming trend observed near coast (∼–°C dec −1), is considerably lower than in the ocean (–°C dec −1).Temperature trends were also calculated for the thermocline base (Figure 2B), which ranges approximately Cited by: sea-surface temperature variability and atmospheric circulation As mentioned in Section 1, the first objective of this study is to investigate the interrelationships that may exist between the SST variability in the southern parts of the Atlantic and Indian by: A climatological study of the effect of sea-surface temperature on North Atlantic hurricane intensification Erik Fraza* and James B.

Elsner Department of Geography, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA (Received 14 January ; accepted 23 June ) The climatic influence of sea-surface temperature (SST) on intensification is.

Variability in Chlorophyll and Sea-surface Temperature Fronts in the Long Island Sound Out phyll) and sea-surface temperature (SST) fronts in the coastal zone of the gradients (e.g. Hoskins, ). The ratio of horizontal di usion to horizontal advection in the chlorophyll (or SST).ture can be on these scales.

This thesis will examine the horizontal variability in sea surface temperature at scales less than about 10 kilo-meters (Ian) and greater than meters (in). The temperature patchiness is first examined by spectrum analysis Author: William Aubrey Butler.

The spatial structure of El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Southern Annular Mode (SAM), which are the two most important climate modes affecting sea surface temperature (SST) variability in the Southern Hemisphere (SH), appear to have changed since The characteristic features of the ENSO- and SAM-related atmospheric and oceanic variability in the SH are compared Cited by: